It’s hard to resist “the look;” you know it oh so well. It’s those big brown eyes and that seemingly smiling grin looking up at you as you reach for a “human” snack. That’s the difference though; human snacks and certain foods can be dangerous to your dog’s health, so resist even that little piece of chocolate or throwing Fido a grape – those human foods could actually kill your dog.
Although this isn’t a complete list of everything your dog should not eat, it gives you the most popular foods, spices, fruits, condiments and symptoms to watch for – just in case Fido ingests something dangerous to his health:
- Chocolate and coffee contain theobromines and are both sources of caffeine. This includes soda,cold medicines, and pain killers. There is no antidote for this, and the methylxanthines can cause diarrhea, panting, vomiting, excessive thirst, urination, abnormal heart rhythm, hyperactivity, tremors, seizures, and even death. Just licking the bowl after you’ve made the chocolate pudding could result in a very dangerous health situation for your pooch.
- Alcohol has the same effects on a dog’s brain and liver as a human, except dogs weigh less, and therefore it just takes less. Small dogs are at a greater risk for alcohol poisoning. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, central nervous system depression, decreased coordination, tremors, difficulty breathing, and abnormal blood acidity. A dog can slip into a coma after ingesting alcohol and die.
- Avocados contain persin which is a substance that can cause poisoning. It is not poisonous to humans who are not allergic. The poison is found in the fruit, sees, bark, and leaves.
- Garlic, onions, and chives can cause gastronintestional irritation and can lead to red blood cell damage. Cats are more at risk.
- Yeast dough can cause a dog’s stomach to rupture as the dough rises. Once the dough is cooked, the risk is eliminated, but a dog’s intake of bread should be no more than five to ten percent of his diet.
- Persimmons, peaches, and plums can cause intestinal obstructions especially if pets eat the pits. Not only that but pits contain cnyanide which can cause death.
- Grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure.
- Macadamia nuts cause depression in dogs. Symptoms which can appear within 12 hours of eating the nuts include weakness, vomiting, tremors, hypothermia.
- Milk causes diarrhea since dogs have a much lower amount of lactase.
- Salt can cause excessive urination, thirst, diarrhea, depression, and seizures.
- Eggs, bones, and raw uncooked meat present the same risks as to humans. E.coli and salmonella are possible. Bones can splinter and get lodged in a dog’s throat or in his digestive tract.
- Gum, candy, and bakery goods all contain Xylitol which can cause liver failure. Symptoms include lethargy, vomiting, a loss of coordination, and seizures.
So what treats can you safely give to Fido? After all those big brown eyes are still looking at you, and he sure is hard to resist. I’ve included some safe treats:
- Lean cuts of meat with the fat trimmed off is a delicious treat.
- Apple slices, orange slices, bananas, and watermelon. Just make sure to remove all seeds.
- Vegetables that Fido might enjoy and are safe and yummy are carrot sticks, green beans, cucumber slices, zucchini, or even a baked potato. (no butter or sour cream please)
- And there’s hardly a dog who can resist some cooked white rice or a little bit of pasta.
Always keep the phone number of your veterinarian handy, and be sure to leave the information in a prominent place should you have a dog sitter or neighbor watching your dog if you are on vacation or on a business trip. Always keep the number for poison control handy too. Please keep this number 888-426-4435