An Egyptian committee set up to investigate the violence during the demonstrations that toppled Hosni Mubarak filed charges against the former president and his Minister of Interior, Habib al-Adli on Wednesday, of intentionally killing demonstrators. Over 380 people died during the uprising in Tahrir Square and more than 6000, some of whom were affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood, were wounded by tear gas, rubber bullets, live ammunition and water cannons.
According to Egypt’s oldest daily, al-Ahram, the fact-finding committee submitted its charges to the Public Prosecutor, accusing Mubarak as head of the government as being ‘criminally responsible for the death of the protesters.’ The Public Prosecutor later referred Habib al-Adli and four other high-ranking officers for trial on charges of killing protesters, disrupting stability and of spreading ‘chaos in the country‘ that harmed Egypt’s economy, a statement said.
Ismail al-Shaer, Adly Fayed, Ahmed Ramzi and Hassan Abdel Rahman, all security chiefs who were detained on March 11 for allegedly allowing the shooting of protesters were also indicted.
Committee member Fouad Riad indicated that responsibility fell on anyone who was in a position to avert the use of live ammunition, but chose not to do so. The head of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, Hafez Abou Seada, declared that ‘social stability will not be restored as long as there is blood that hasn’t been avenged fairly.’
Al-Adli had denied any accusations of having ordered the shooting of protesters, however, records of Central Security phone calls obtained by the general prosecution show that orders to use live ammunition on protesters originated from the ministry. As a result of investigations led by Egypt’s new military rulers, Al-Adli is already being tried for having taken part in fraudulent activities under Mubarak’s rule.
State Media has also been accused of inciting violence against protesters, spreading rumors, and withholding information from the public. The committee has requested that all those who participated in these media torts be prosecuted.
Egypt has already arrested high-ranking police officers for having ordered the massacre of protesters during the anti-Mubarak demonstrations. However, the indictments will not stop here; the committee has asked for former NDP members to be investigated for the formation of secret militias that attacked civilians during demonstrations; to facilitate compensation to the families whose members were killed, and to provide free medical care to those who require it as a result of injuries they may have received during the revolution.